03 October 2021 ~ 0 Comentarios

Angela Merkel or Diversity

By Carlos Alberto Montaner

She is the most popular person in Germany. According to polls, she could have extended her power for a fifth term. I’m not sure about that, but in any case, it will be difficult to put on Angela Merkel’s shoes (she ruled from 2005 to 2021.) She spent 16 years as Chancellor (Prime Minister) at the head of the CDU, the German Christian Democratic party. Every young person under 24 years only remembers her at the head of the State.

Konrad Adenauer ruled for 14 years (1949-1963). He had to organize the country after World War II, collect the rubble left by Nazism, bury the dead and create the bases of European unity together with the Frenchman Robert Shuman.

It is true that he had the cooperation of Ludwig Erhard, the man behind the “German miracle,” his Minister of Economy, a liberal, member of the “Mont Pelerin Society,” who had the genial idea to call the model that he would implement “social market economy.” Strictly speaking, as he tells in his book Well-being for All, they were liberal solutions to the problems that were arising.

The other great German figure in the 20th century was Helmut Kohl, the architect of the reunification of the two Germanies, and the man who was at the forefront of Europe’s first economy when the Soviet Union disappeared. I remember as if it were today Kohl assuring that reunification would take place in 10 years, but events were rushed by a chain of unpredictable mistakes.

In short, if Adenauer had the great challenge of rebuilding a Germany thoroughly destroyed after World War II, Kohl had the honor of democratically absorbing Communist Germany and making dramatic economic and political decisions, almost always correct. Kohl also ruled for 16 years (1982-1998), and if he didn’t stay longer in office, it was because of the “Flick” case, a corruption scandal that reached all the Bundestag parties (and had consequences in Spain) due to illegal financing of the political groups in exchange for a millionaire tax exemption for the benefit of Mr. Friedrich Karl Flick.

Why is Angela Merkel among the three most important people in contemporary German political life, alongside Adenauer and Kohl? Because she realized that Germany and the world, including the United States, had changed, and she not only accepted those changes as a historical fatality, but as a source of opportunity for all.

I’ll explain myself. The CDU had been, from its beginnings, a liberal party, but little by little, imperceptibly, after the disappearance of Marxism as an alternative to the market economy and the existence of private property, a new axis of confrontation between diversity and uniformity appeared in the world.

This new confrontation had different manifestations.

A choice had to be made between accepting the immigrants willingly or denying them entry. Merkel had the audacity to receive with open arms more than a million Syrians without fear of the Islamic religion they professed, while Hungary and other European countries closed their doors to them in the name of a racial and cultural purity that was unsustainable and contrary to the nature of the times in which we live.

It was very important to recognize that the “Greens” were right in some of their campaigns. Angela Merkel took advantage of the Japanese nuclear accident Fukushima I in 2011 to give the very expensive order to close all German nuclear plants within a decade and replace them with much less dangerous formulas to generate energy: wind, photovoltaic, even the revolutionary neutrinovoltaic in which Germany leads in experimentation.

Admittedly, the sexual drives were not limited to the binary system that had previously prevailed, considering any other preference as “sin” or “madness.” Lesbians, homosexuals, bisexuals, transsexuals et al, formed minorities with rights that had to be recognized.

After confirming that the majority of her party, the CDU, would vote a law in the Bundestag that would protect those rights, Ms. Merkel gave them freedom on a strictly moral issue, even if she had other criteria, thereby demonstrating an exceptional liberal spirit.

The topic for debate was adoption. In this new environment that was being formed, it was absurd to limit the households that could be formed to the male-female couple. In that sense, the superstition that only happy children could be raised in a two-parent household made up of a man and a woman was very damaging.

As there was (or not) the impulse to motherhood and fatherhood beyond sexual preferences, a legislation that accepted single-parent households or households composed of two women or two men was finally adopted in Germany and other parts of the world, since it was evident that a unique type of parents was not required to achieve the children’s happiness.

Today the Bundestag is a good example of the diversity that prevails in Germany. If Hitler resurrected, he would die again of a heart attack before Armand Zorn, a black man who came from Cameroon at the age of 12 and who currently represents a district of Frankfurt, or Omid Nouripur from Iran, who left his country when he was 13 years old, and has been elected by another district of the same city. Or two transgender deputies very happy with their election. We live in a different world. That is why Angela Merkel is very important. Long live diversity!

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