07 October 2019 ~ 14 Comentarios

Peru, the corruption and the abyss

By Carlos Alberto Montaner

It seemed that Peru had been saved and marched steadily towards development. That was what the World Bank predicted. Having Chile as its neighbor was its secret. Peruvians had seen how the market, economic freedom, the mass of savings produced by the system of individual retirement accounts, and the seriousness in the management of finances and currency, had put Chile in a few decades at the forefront of Latin America and on the threshold of the First World. All that had to be done was to keep following the Chilean model closely.

It could not be done. It didn’t go that way. What happened? Perhaps, in general, the political class failed. Several presidents are behind bars, in house arrest, awaiting extradition or have committed suicide to avoid ignominy. Peruvians have a very bad opinion of their leaders. While in Lima the show of the dissolution of the Congress was going on, in Curitiba, Brazil, Mr. Jorge Barata, Odebrecht’s strong man in Peru, revealed the names of several dozen corrupt Peruvian politicians, to the right and the left of the ideological spectrum, who had received money in exchange for favors from the Brazilian construction company.

Are the societies of Chile and Peru very different regarding the honesty of the public sector? Perhaps. According to Transparency International, in a score where 100 means that no corruption is perceived, and 0, where the opposite happens and the country is rotten to the ground, Chile has 70 points, while Peru only reaches the half––35. The same happens with Uruguay (70) and Argentina (40), or with Costa Rica (56) and Nicaragua (25), bordering countries that even have a common or very close history.

Chile, Uruguay and Costa Rica, by the way, are the only Latin American countries that go above 50, a key point in which corruption is considered intolerable. Venezuela, which is the worst, is 18, closely followed by Haiti, with just 20, and Ortega’s Nicaragua, which killed nearly 400 people in less than a year, only reaches 25.

It is not surprising that Chile, Uruguay and Costa Rica are the most predictable and calm societies in Latin America, while Venezuela, Haiti and Nicaragua, the three countries perceived as more corrupt, are in the opposite pole. There is an obvious relationship between honesty and stability, as there is also a relationship between robbery and institutional chaos.

That consistency has to do with republican institutions. The Republic is an artificial construction based on the premise that all human beings have the same rights and are equal before the law. From that belief, the institutions are set up so that there are no privileges of any kind. Of course, there are “income seekers”, and even the existence of lobbies dedicated to these activities (in my opinion ignoble) is allowed, but the worst sin is to increase the price of goods and services for the benefit of the politicians and the officials who receive the bribes.

Why is it the worst sin? At least, for three reasons. First, because it teaches that wealth is not achieved through intense work and innovation, but by having the right friendships. Why study and burn the midnight oil if a powerful friend is enough? Second, because it quickly rots the moral foundations of society. It is very easy to move from stealing the budgets to complicity with drug traffickers and mafias of all types of crime. And third, because it generates great cynicism and an attitude of rejection of all the institutions of the Republic. The “let them all go” demand heard in Argentina is the return to the search for a dictator who saves us from our own inability.

In April 1992, Peruvians applauded Alberto Fujimori’s self-coup. 82 percent supported it. Over time, the strong man became corrupt with the help of Vladimiro Montesinos, and today they are both in jail. I don’t know how they don’t understand it––we can only save ourselves by complying with the law and respecting the Republic’s institutions. Out of that is the abyss.

14 Responses to “Peru, the corruption and the abyss”

  1. Danette Noda 7 October 2019 at 5:18 pm Permalink

    http://nuevoaccion.com/articulos/soros-financia-el-intento-de-golpe-de-estado-contra-trump-disfrazado-de-impeachment/?fbclid=IwAR32dhVm8UjJE18k8hGiSjb8jmMeCzcxLte0VnGmnV66JzzYFxcPRJdD2nM

    esto lo gusta viejo este mentiroso

    • Manuel 7 October 2019 at 6:04 pm Permalink

      trump es un genio de las redes, nadie va a ganarle en 2020

  2. Danette Noda 7 October 2019 at 6:38 pm Permalink

    trump hasta 2025 conta la propagana que
    esto liberale ylos bandolero democratico
    mentiroso

  3. manuel 7 October 2019 at 10:58 pm Permalink

    Immigrants and naturalized citizens can claim to be patriots by choice. Yet what commonly governs this choice isn’t love but self-interest. For that matter, why are so many of you native-born American readers loyal to the United States and not to, say, Denmark? Because you live here, and what happens here affects you. patriotism is a form of collective self-interest.

  4. vicente 8 October 2019 at 8:08 am Permalink

    desde que vive en Miami,Mr Montaner solo habla español con la servidumbre.

    • Manuel 8 October 2019 at 10:43 am Permalink

      ud es la servidumbre?

      de donde saca tanta informacion, tan util?

      • Manuel 8 October 2019 at 10:56 am Permalink

        no creo que ud sea la servidumbre, ud apenas sabe espanol; cree que alguien le va a creer algo a ud que apenas escribe bien, no se identifica y no trae fuentes?

        …y ademas le gusta perder el tiempo. 4 imbecilidades en un solo comentario.

  5. manuel 8 October 2019 at 7:35 pm Permalink

    Free University

    Now, you have cero excuse:

    https://www.uopeople.edu/?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=New+Applicants-US-ver1&utm_content=Computer+LA1%25-43-50&utm_term=Ad+3+-+find+the+money+for+school+-+Copy&sfns=mo

  6. Cubano-Americano 8 October 2019 at 11:17 pm Permalink

    Vicente se considera servidumbre….lo admite..buen provecho.

  7. joseluis 10 October 2019 at 9:09 am Permalink

    Estados Unidos después de Bush padre en la última salvación de Panamá en el caso Noriega,
    fue abandonando a latinoamericana en la política de no salvar mas a ningún país en la región de regímenes dictatoriales, y por ese vacío o razón, estos dictadores están tomando espacio en la región. Después surge la política del ex presidente Obama, el cual comenzó con la política de no poner soldados en tierra en el medio Oriente con la estrategia de solo actuar con cirugías aéreas en el caso Gaddafi, aunque no fue criticado por la mayor parte de la prensa, fue un desastre lo que dejo en Libia, la prensa se silenció, y no así en el caso de Bush hijo con Saddam Hussein en Irak; pero bueno a lo que iba, Trump no es el iniciador de este abandono Estados Unidos hacia el mundo, sutilmente, esto viene sazonándose, hace buen tiempo. Aunque es estoy de acuerdo con la descripción de Montaner, aunque no sé si este abandono sea para bien o para mal de Estados Unidos, o si le están poniendo en bandeja a la incivilizacion (Rusia) a que controlen sin prejuicios de conceptos humanitarios a los incivilizados.
    O quizás ganó la voz de la propaganda del mal, cacareada por algunos ingenuos: “Los Estados Unidos se creen la policía de mundo”. Ahora los pobres en la pobreza andarán sin policías ni jueces que los protejan. Miserias, palos y balas para calmarlos, el neo esclavismo sin futuro ni esperanza, el neo comunismo, con diferentes apodos y diferentes verborreas. Tomate el purgante a chancletazos o espera a que baje Dios de cielo y te salve. La esperanza dormida.
    Nota: Todo aquel que quiera dar su opinion, con criticas favorables o no favorables, que la hagan; pero no al estilo de victormanuel. jajaja.Estoy jaraniando. El que resibe cuero tiene que abstenerse a que den cuero.jajaja.
    Vengaganza del pasado. Quiero la paz con los victormanueles. jajajaja
    Cuando se muera la risa,
    surgiran, temblando la tierra,
    lagunas de lagrimas. joseluis el poeta. jajajajajaja.

  8. joseluis 10 October 2019 at 9:13 am Permalink

    Estados Unidos después de Bush padre en la última salvación de Panamá en el caso Noriega,
    Se fue abandonando a latinoamericana en la política de no salvar mas a ningún país en la región de regímenes dictatoriales, y por ese vacío o razón, estos dictadores están tomando espacio en la región. Después surge la política del ex presidente Obama, el cual comenzó con la política de no poner soldados en tierra en el medio Oriente con la estrategia de solo actuar con cirugías aéreas en el caso Gaddafi, aunque no fue criticado por la mayor parte de la prensa, fue un desastre lo que dejo en Libia, la prensa se silenció, y no así en el caso de Bush hijo con Saddam Hussein en Irak; pero bueno a lo que iba, Trump no es el iniciador de este abandono Estados Unidos hacia el mundo, sutilmente, esto viene sazonándose, hace buen tiempo. Aunque es estoy de acuerdo con la descripción de Montaner, aunque no sé si este abandono sea para bien o para mal de Estados Unidos, o si le están poniendo en bandeja a la incivilizacion (Rusia) a que controlen sin prejuicios de conceptos humanitarios a los incivilizados.
    O quizás ganó la voz de la propaganda del mal, cacareada por algunos ingenuos: “Los Estados Unidos se creen la policía de mundo”. Ahora los pobres en la pobreza andarán sin policías ni jueces que los protejan. Miserias, palos y balas para calmarlos, el neo esclavismo sin futuro ni esperanza, el neo comunismo, con diferentes apodos y diferentes verborreas. Tomate el purgante a chancletazos o espera a que baje Dios de cielo y te salve. La esperanza dormida.
    Nota: Todo aquel que quiera dar su opinion, con criticas favorables o no favorables, que la hagan; pero no al estilo de victormanuel. jajaja.Estoy jaraniando. El que resibe cuero tiene que abstenerse a que den cuero.jajaja.
    Vengaganza del pasado. Quiero la paz con los victormanueles. jajajaja
    Cuando se muera la risa,
    surgiran, temblando la tierra,
    lagunas de lagrimas. joseluis el poeta. jajajajajaja.

  9. MANUEL 10 October 2019 at 9:52 am Permalink

    .
    ‘ “The United States has the oldest continually operative written constitution in the world.
    But…
    How would you feel if your neurosurgeon used the world’s oldest neurosurgery guide, or if NASA used the world’s oldest astronomical chart to plan space-shuttle flights?

    “ Thomas Jefferson would be rolling over in his grave. He thought that every generation should rewrite the Constitution. It should be revised every nineteen years.
    That is actually the average life span of a constitution around the world. The average constitution has about a one in three chance of being revised in any given year. And here we are, bragging about the fact that we’re running Windows 1.0 and we have these nine superannuated people—Supreme Court justices—appointed for life to keep patching it.”

    [this] “obsession with appointing Supreme Court justices is what happens in an environment where the three branches of government are out of whack. The Executive has too much power; the Congress is sitting stalled for a whole host of systemic reasons; and the courts have been deeply politicized”

  10. Víctor López 10 October 2019 at 10:03 am Permalink

    Buen comentario, José Luis. Con su particularísima forma de redactar lo dividió entretenidamente en dos actos. El primero claro, racional y moderado, y el segundo totalmente emotivo y poético. Ambos sorprendentes y que vienen a enriquecer este mustio espacio, que desde el “entre acto” de Julián se ha quedado sin verdaderas plumas (excepto las del pato ese). Saludos cordiales.

  11. Víctor López 10 October 2019 at 10:05 am Permalink

    *verdaderas plumas… jajaja


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