21 August 2021 ~ 0 Comentarios

The Surrender of Afghanistan

 By Carlos Alberto Montaner

“It was not a peace agreement. It was a surrender,” Husain Haqqani, a key man at the Hudson Institute for Central and South Asia, said when he examined the Doha agreements signed by the government of Donald Trump.

He is exaggerating. I don’t believe that Trump is the only culprit, although this time he has the greatest responsibility. But who has been responsible for the Taliban once again having control of the government in Afghanistan?

In the opinion of the expert Michel McKinley, former US ambassador to Afghanistan, all. In an article published in Foreign Affairs (“We All Lost Afghanistan: Two Decades of Errors, Lack of Judgment, and Collective Mistakes”), he precisely demonstrates that. Together they gave Afghanistan back to the Taliban on a silver platter.

“On February 29, 2020”, the BBC (World) in London summarizes, “the US government, presided by Donald Trump, and the Taliban signed in Doha, Qatar, the agreement that set a timetable for the definitive withdrawal of the United States and its allies after almost 20 years of conflict.” Hadn’t we agreed that the biggest nonsense was setting an expiration date on an armed conflict? Biden had to stick to the deadlines set in the worst agreement signed by Trump during his time in the White House.

“In return,” the report continues, “the Taliban signed a commitment not to allow Afghan territory to be used to plan or carry out actions that threatened the security of the United States.” It was a consolation prize.

A Navy Seals team had already eliminated Osama bin Laden in Pakistan more than 10 years ago, on May 2, 2011, and Al Qaeda was not only headless, but had its days numbered. That was the time to get out of Afghanistan, but then-President Obama, for whatever reason, didn’t even consider it.

Before 9/11 the way the Taliban ruled could be unpleasant, but it was after that fateful date, when there was still smoke over the demolished Twin Towers, that the US and its NATO allies wanted to destroy the Afghan government and establish a democracy, forgetting that the US and NATO are excellent destroyers, but terrible builders, as has been seen in Libya or in Central America and the Caribbean.

In 1898 the Americans faced the task of “nation building” for the first time. They did it in Cuba quite well from a material point of view. They built schools, repaired bridges and roads, increased and improved the places where justice or health care was received. They cured yellow fever, following the theories of Dr. Carlos J. Finlay. They even washed Cuba, from San Antonio to Maisí, with soap and sea water, an island that the Spanish and Cubans had left excessively dirty after a terrible war.

In 1902 the Republic was inaugurated amid great joy. But the happiness was short-lived. In 1903 plans were discovered to kidnap and probably kill Estrada Palma, the first democratically elected president. In 1906 the US marines returned to occupy the island. The Cubans, who created the first lobby in the mid-19th century and were experts in involving “the Americans” in their affairs, had forced them to interfere in the Cuban crisis under the Platt Amendment, even though then-President Teddy Roosevelt didn’t want to.

It was so much so that Nicaraguan President Adolfo Díaz asked enthusiastically if his country could obtain a similar legislation. Convinced that Díaz was planning to use the marines to silence and pursue his enemies, the US ambassador said no.

In 1934 the Platt Amendment was repealed by the newly inaugurated President Franklin Delano Roosevelt as a sign of his new “Good Neighbor” policy. “We”, said a Cuban comedian at that time, “are the good guys. They are the neighbors.”

It was not true. For starters, none of the United States’ Central American or Caribbean neighbors were “good.” The Americans weren’t either. We all have values ​​infused by our particular circumstances. Goodness or evil are personal characteristics. It’s absurd to describe an entire society with these traits.

If the Americans knew their own history, they would have discovered that “nation building” is useless, as they themselves must have perceived after the many military expeditions aimed at improving the quality of the countries in the American backyard. They all failed. Exactly what just happened to them in Afghanistan.

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