04 December 2020 ~ 15 Comentarios

Isolationism vs Globalization in the US (Third and last part)

By Carlos Alberto Montaner

Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo, a lady of Spanish origin, exclaimed cheerfully on Twitter regarding Joe Biden’s victory, “Welcome back America!”

“Welcome back” to where? Obviously, to the leadership of what has come to be called “the free world,” from where the United States should not have left. Virtually all the European leaders are delighted.

The exception is Boris Johnson, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. The person behind the “Brexit,” and who some call “the Donald Trump of Great Britain,” an action for which more than a few conservative leaders are totally repented, but they cannot reverse.

In any case, Johnson was quick to congratulate Joe Biden on his triumph. It was Lord Palmerston, the British Premier at the heyday of the empire, in the mid-1800s, who assured that “we have no eternal allies, and we have no perpetual enemies. Our interests are eternal and perpetual, and our obligation is to watch over them.” That’s what Mr. Johnson does.

As a matter of fact, the United States reluctantly leads the “free world.”

In 1932 F. D. Roosevelt was elected to the White House to face the 1929 financial crisis, but on September 1, 1939, World War II began with a cunning attack on Poland arranged between Hitler and Stalin.

A little over two years later, on December 6, 1941, after consulting with their German allies, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. I won’t tell you the story of the war because you know it by heart, but I will tell you how the United States became the head of the Free World.

It all began when the nation was sure that it would win the war and defeat the Nazis. In early June 1944, the Americans launched “Operation Overlord.” Tens of thousands of soldiers, supported by thousands of warplanes and warships, crossed the channel, and landed in Normandy. It was the largest amphibious operation in history.

The operation was a success. Therefore, in July, 730 delegates from 44 allied countries met in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, to agree on “the system.” Both Roosevelt and his economic advisers were convinced that World War II had been the consequence of monetary disorder and constant currency devaluations to gain a better trading position.

That would be fixed by returning to the gold standard and creating the “International Monetary Fund,” a financial institution that would help countries when they had liquidity problems. In addition, the creation of the “World Bank” would be promoted, its main function being to stimulate international trade and the reconstruction of the destroyed infrastructures of fifty totally devastated cities.

Eight months later, in April 1945, Hitler, defeated, committed suicide. The Japanese resisted a little longer, until August, when the Americans dropped two nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, barely three days apart. The emperor took out the white flag and the postwar period began.

The world to which the United States returns today is the one that emerged from the solution of that conflict. It returns to NATO, solidarity, and multilateralism. It returns to more porous borders in which undocumented foreigners are not enemies but victims. It returns ultimately to the world in which all nations guided by the free market, and managed in accordance with democracy, the rule of law, and respect for private property, prospered and gradually reduced poverty rates.

In mid-1945 the United States, with 4% of the world’s population, had 50% of the global GDP. Today it has 22%. That’s magnificent. It does not mean that the country has become impoverished, but that the others have become rich. American society is considerably richer today than it was back then.

The US has 80 of the 100 best universities and research centers on the planet. It has the most efficient armed forces, including the intelligence agencies. Its currency, the dollar, is used to carry out 80% of international transactions, despite having abandoned the gold standard in 1971, which reveals the global confidence in an unbeatable economy that will soon defeat Covid-19.

Eighteen months after the 1920 pandemic, despite 600,000 deaths with less than a third of the current population, and without vaccines, the nation was entering a clear path toward recovery and starting the “roaring twenties.” The same will happen today with Biden and Harris. An extraordinary world of globalization, racial mixing and acceptance of differences awaits us.

15 Responses to “Isolationism vs Globalization in the US (Third and last part)”

  1. Manuel 6 December 2020 at 10:51 am Permalink

    Maradona’s dual nature was crystallized by two iconic goals during a 1986 World Cup quarterfinal game against Argentina’s archrival, England. Chasing a looping pass, the 5-foot-5 player jumped for a header but instead punched the ball past England’s goalkeeper—an illegal handball that referees somehow missed. Four minutes later, Maradona dribbled 70 yards around five English defenders before scoring, securing Argentina a 2-1 win. His breathtaking second goal was overshadowed by the first, which the Argentine said had been aided by “the hand of God.”
    Maradona was raised in the Buenos Aires shantytown of Villa Fiorito, where his family of 10 “lived without running water or electricity,” said The Washington Post. Given a leather soccer ball at age 3, Maradona took the ball with him everywhere, even hugging it in bed at night. A soccer prodigy by 8 and a professional by 15, he was so gifted that some scouts “suspected he was an adult midget masquerading as a child.” In 1981, FC Barcelona acquired Maradona for a record transfer fee exceeding $9 million. In Spain, Maradona began using cocaine and drinking heavily, and after a 1984 loss to Athletic Bilbao, he instigated “a mass brawl in full view of King Juan Carlos,” said The Guardian (U.K.). That year, Napoli paid a new record fee to acquire the troubled star. He flourished in Italy and helped Argentina win the World Cup in 1986 and Napoli its first European trophy in 1989.

    But at the 1990 World Cup, “the maestro was clearly past his peak,” said The Times (U.K.), although he willed Argentina to the final, where they lost to West Germany. The next year, Maradona tested positive for cocaine and was suspended for 15 months; he was ejected from the 1994 World Cup in the U.S. for doping. Dogged by paternity battles, addictions, and reckless spending, Maradona insisted his vices were further proof of his greatness. “I gave my opponents a big advantage,” he said in 2014. “Do you know the player I could have been if I hadn’t taken drugs?”

  2. Manuel 6 December 2020 at 2:01 pm Permalink

    since yesterday in
    el libero (see what a crazy face the NAIDEN)


    • Julian Perez 6 December 2020 at 4:11 pm Permalink

      ¿Te acuerdas de esta canción? No sé por qué el post tuyo me la recordó. 🙂


      Pero los locos son en realidad los que votaron por él 🙂

      El mundo va tomando derroteros tan absurdos que hay que reirse. Creo que los Beatles ya se habían imaginado estos días con su premonición-

      The deeper you go, the higher you fly,
      the higher you fly, the deeper you go.
      Your inside is out when your outside is in,
      your outside is in when your inside is out.
      So come on, come on,
      come on, it’s such a joy, come on, it’s such a joy,
      come on, let’s make it easy, come on, let’s make it easy.
      Make it easy,
      make it easy.
      Everybody’s got something to hide
      except for me and my monkey.

  3. Manuel 6 December 2020 at 3:33 pm Permalink


    Julian Perez
    6 December 2020 at 3:16 pm

    >>acceptance of differences

    I imagine it refers to differences in sexual preferences or “chosen” gender. Because acceptance of differences of opinion is something that shines in them by their absence.

    >>open and free markets

    Especially for the Chinese. They’ll be delighted.

    >>rule of law

    With as many judges in the supreme court as appropriate.

    >>private property…

    And shared, through the “just redistribution of wealth”.


    With its new variant of democracy rectified with nocturnity and software.


    I do not know. This term has always reminded me of what in Cuba they called it “inflating balloons”

    • Manuel 6 December 2020 at 3:34 pm Permalink

      but chomsky think otherwise>

      • Manuel 6 December 2020 at 3:35 pm Permalink

        that trump is the biggest criminal in history
        Thus, More than hitler

        • Manuel 6 December 2020 at 3:36 pm Permalink

          He thinks differently
          He is real genius for college guys

          • Manuel 6 December 2020 at 3:36 pm Permalink

            He es a real one

          • Manuel 6 December 2020 at 3:37 pm Permalink

            He is a real one

        • Julian Perez 6 December 2020 at 4:02 pm Permalink

          Manuel. ¿qué daño te he hecho para que intentes torturarme con un video de Chomsky que dura una hora? Si quieres que confiese algo dime qué es. Estoy dispuesto a confesar cualquier cosa antes de que me mandes un video de una hora de Richard Dawkins 🙂

  4. Julian Perez 6 December 2020 at 4:40 pm Permalink

    ¿Se acuerdan de Escriba y Lea? Por supuesto que se acuerdan. Increiblemente, parece que lo siguen poniendo y que ya lleva más de 50 años. Le ganó a la Cocina al Minuto de Nitza y a las Aventuras, que creo que ya las quitaron.

    La revolución cubana hizo algunas cosas buenas. Es MUY difícil hacerlo todo mal. Los helados Coppelia, el restaurante El Conejito y Escriba y lea son tres ejemplos de ello.


    Se cuenta que cuando Bobby Fisher fue a Cuba con motivo de la Olimpiada de Ajedrez, cuando se iba le preguntaron que le gustó más de Cuba y dijo que los helados de Coppelia. Realmente nunca los he encontrado igual de buenos, ni pizzas como las de la Piragua o el Arcoiris de Santa Clara.

    • Manuel 6 December 2020 at 5:25 pm Permalink

      dijo maradona

      que ellos no podian criticar la situacion de los derecho humanos en cuba porque ellos tenian desaparecidos y demas y no tenian moral para criticar al gobierno cubano

      indudablemente la droga, todas la drogas, incluidas las que se mete chomski y demas le tienen el cerebro frito a todas estas gentes

  5. Manuel 6 December 2020 at 9:44 pm Permalink

    la marginalidad no es consustancial a la pobreza, existe también cuando se vulgariza el pensamiento.

    – es funesto que muera la belleza y a todos nos dé lo mismo.
    – la peor corrupción parte de no tener que rendir cuentas.
    – la riqueza es riqueza cuando se asocia al trabajo, y robo cuando depende de la oportunidad.
    – cada ciudadano que emigra es un pedazo de patria que se desprende.
    – si a un joven lo dejamos ir, le regalamos futuro al mundo.
    – evitarlo no radica en quitarle los remos, sino dejarlo que navegue.
    – un cubano es cubano no porque le cobres un papel o un cuño.
    – es una obligación sumarlo y no restarlo.
    – la patria es sentimiento, no imposición.
    – es mejor no estar y estar, que estar y no estar.
    – la mejor manera de alimentar una neurona es dejar que trabaje en función de ese alimento.
    – un fruto que se transforma en datos e informes no puede ser llevado al plato, mucho menos a la boca.
    – quien lo genera tiene que sentirse su dueño, pues se pudre entonces su capacidad de sembrarlo.
    – no pueden echar la culpa al rumor, al chisme, al post, al meme de la incapacidad de estar al margen de los sucesos.
    – información no es silencio. Que deben confiar más en el periodista que les señala que en el que los adula.
    – para elegir tiene que haber más de una opción.
    – tomar partido no es imponer.
    – al mejor camino no puedes levantarle una cerca ni atiborrarlo de espinas.
    – el bloqueo se ha convertido en muletilla. Que hay que transformarlo en orgullo de depender de nosotros mismos.
    – minimizar sus consecuencias es una vergüenza si para ello dependemos cada día más de quienes nos machucan.
    – la unidad es una abstracción si no se acepta lo diverso, si nos maquillamos para parecernos. Que oponerse no puede ser estigma y sí necesidad.
    – el socialismo es eso: un sustantivo, si no le sucede el verbo.
    – un manual aporta fórmulas, pero no formula un concepto.
    – lo social se construye con la alegría de pertenecer y no con la apatía de esperar.
    – la Revolución es un estado de ánimo, no una institución. Que si no genera cambio, es pura entelequia. Que la inercia es la mejor prueba de que dejó de serlo.
    – la unanimidad no existe. Que hay millones de presentes y millones de futuros cuando cada cual cuestiona lo que tiene y sueña con lo que vendrá.
    – la mejor verdad no es la que se dice ante una cámara, sino la que se confiesa ante el espejo.
    Métanselo en la cabeza. Y piensen.

  6. Manuel 7 December 2020 at 4:07 am Permalink

    I think of mindsets as a framework that helps us simplify information and make sense of the world. And we’re really just at the beginning of unpacking the ways that they can shape our health and well-being.
    A lot of my research now is looking at how we can use mindsets in clinical practice. In one of the last studies that I did, we tested the effects of changing people’s mindsets – even without treatment. We brought our participants to the lab and we pricked them with histamine, triggering a minor allergic reaction that looks a bit like a mosquito bite. For some people, a doctor just examined their arm; for the others, the doctor examined their arm and said: “OK, from now on, the itch and irritation will feel better and your rash is going to start to go away.” That single sentence reduced people’s symptoms. It is a really tangible example of the ways that using mindsets can help patients feel better.
    How can the mindset we have help us cope with stress?
    I am all for things like getting enough sleep, meditating, exercising and taking walks with friends. But so much of the stress management framework tells people that they have to reduce their stress, and that if they can’t then it’s going to lead to higher blood pressure and heart disease and cancer. Unfortunately, most of the stresses that we experience aren’t things that we can actually reduce. You need to find ways to channel the energy.
    Research on stress mindsets shows that when we view stress as being useful for our health and performance and mental wellbeing, it actually creates a self-fulfilling prophecy. One of my favourite studies – a huge survey of 30,000 people in the US – found that those who experienced a lot of stress but didn’t think that it was bad for them had better outcomes than people who experienced less stress but perceived it as damaging. Having a little bit of stress can keep you engaged with life.
    You examined the mindsets of people living in Norway during the cold, dark winter. What did you find?
    In many countries, seasonal affective disorder, or wintertime depression, is relatively common. But in Norway, rates of seasonal affective disorder are quite low, even though people experience some of the coldest, darkest winters on Earth. They thrive despite the extreme seasonal changes. And their ability to thrive in winter seems to be connected to their winter mindset.
    Based on our upbringing or past experiences, we might have certain mindsets like “winter is dreadful”. But you can also view it as a cosy time, with lots of opportunity for recreation, and with lots of fascinating changes happening in nature. Many people in Norway have this more positive winter mindset, and the more positively they viewed winter, the higher their life satisfaction and the better their mood. Interestingly, the further north people live, the more positive their winter mindset.
    How did you change your own attitudes and behaviour while living in a place where the sun doesn’t rise for two months every winter?
    We tend to associate the polar night with darkness, but it also can be viewed as a soft, peaceful light rather than just a dark and depressing thing. And so I would go out and take walks, either with my headlamp or just with street lights. I also tried to do things inside; we hosted a lot of potlucks with friends and we had lots of holiday gatherings. It was much easier to love the winter in Tromsø, because the people around me loved winter.
    Do you think that anyone can change their attitudes in this way?
    One hundred per cent! Most people just don’t realise that these beliefs are subjective. If you are someone who hates winter, you just think: “This is who I am, this is how I’ve always been, and there’s nothing I can do about it.” But mindsets can be shaped in adaptive ways, and once you introduce the idea that mindsets exist and that you can control them, that understanding can be tremendously powerful.
    “Understanding that mindsets exist and you can control them is tremendously powerful”
    Can an understanding of mindset help us deal with the stresses arising from covid-19?
    Let me first say that mindset is not a cure-all. There’s a fricking global pandemic! People are out of work, and they can’t visit family or take care of ageing relatives. That being said, we can make it harder for ourselves by really dwelling on all of the ways that it feels like the world is falling apart. Or we can see it as a time to lean in to some of the things that maybe we haven’t had space or time for previously.
    Has the experience of living in Tromsø helped you cope during the pandemic?
    I think living in Norway was one of those positive stress experiences. It wasn’t just living through the polar night that was stressful, it was moving to a new country where I didn’t know anyone, where I didn’t speak the language, and living in this environment that was so different for me. On hard days, I think to myself that if I could do that, I can do anything. And my time in Norway really taught me how to be by myself and to enjoy spending time home alone – lessons that made me well suited for being a homebody during the lockdown.

    An aurora is one of many winter pleasures to be had in Norway (JOHN HEMMINGSEN/GETTY IMAGES)

    David Robson is the author of The Intelligence Trap: Revolutionise your thinking and make wiser decisions. His website is davidrobson.me ■

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